How Home Solar Power Works
Certain competing energy concerns have campaigns to discredit and confused consumers on how solar energy is generated. There are many considerations in regards to solar and distinctions between residential and industrial, between being off the grid and connecting the grid. This simple guide will outline how Solar Panels Work. Here’s a quick “how solar panels work” guide to the steps that it takes to turn sunlight into electricity using solar panels:
- Every day, light hits your roof’s solar panels with photons (particles of sunlight).
- The panel converts those photons into electrons of direct current (“DC”) electricity. Naturally, the sunnier it is, the more energy is produced by the panels.
- Those produced electrons flow out of the panel and into an inverter and other electrical safety devices.
- The inverter converts that “DC” power into alternating current or “AC” power. AC power is the kind of electric juice that your television, computer, and toasters use when plugged into the wall outlet.
- A bi-directional meter keeps track of the all the power your solar system produces. Any solar energy that you don’t use immediately will go back into the grid through the meter. Then at night or on cloudy days, that extra solar juice is credited back to your bill. So, net metering is similar to having a virtual battery-back up system
- States all have different setups for solar, California is leading the charge in increasing solar availability.
- Some homes will store the energy created from solar panels with a battery, this is not as common as connecting to the grid.
- Solar panels that can avoid shade, can maximize sun coverage will produce the most solar energy power.